cornelius vanderbilt family tree

[13], In November 1855, Vanderbilt began to buy control of Accessory Transit once again. In 1831, he took over his brother Jacob's line to Peekskill, New York, on the lower Hudson River. Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney [1899-1992] was a prolific businessman and promoter. It was finished in 1871, and served as his lines' terminus in New York. William Harrison Gross M 1836 . William Vanderbilt then had no choice but to buy out Gould, who made a large profit from the sale. In addition, he donated to churches around New York, including a gift to the Moravian Church on Staten Island of 8½ acres for a cemetery (the Moravian Cemetery). Legacy Commodore Vanderbilt willed amounts ranging from $250,000 to $500,000 to each of his daughters. In 1829, Vanderbilt struck out on his own to provide steam service on the Hudson River between Manhattan and Albany, New York. His wife received US$500,000 in cash, their modest New York City home, and 2,000 shares of common stock in New York Central Railroad. The case is still considered a landmark ruling, and is considered the basis for much of the prosperity the United States later enjoyed, After Thomas Gibbons died in 1826, Vanderbilt worked for his son, William Gibbons, until 1829. Randolph convinced Walker to annul the charter of the Accessory Transit Company, and give the transit rights and company steamboats to him; Randolph then sold them to Garrison. 1877 illustration from Harper's Weekly.Cornelius Vanderbilt was buried in the family vault in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp on Staten Island. His wife received $500,000, their New York City home, and 2,000 shares of common stock in the New York Central Railroad. He also bought a church for $50,000 for his second wife's congregation, the Church of the Strangers. Livingston and Fulton offered Vanderbilt a lucrative job piloting their steamboat, but Vanderbilt rejected the offer. Although Vanderbilt kept his own businesses running, he became Gibbons's business manager. When he tried to convince the U.S. and English governments to help restore the company to its rights and property, they refused. You have undertaken to cheat me. Vanderbilt brought his eldest son Billy in as vice-president of the Harlem. By cutting fares on competing lines, Vanderbilt drove down the Stonington stock price, and took over the presidency of the company in 1847, the first of the many railroads he would head. Vanderbilt eventually drove the Collins Line into extinction. William had had a nervous breakdown early in life, and his father had sent him to a farm on Staten Island. Walker was forced to give up, and was conducted out of the country by a U.S. Navy officer. Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794 – January 4, 1877), also known by the sobriquet Commodore,[1] was an American entrepreneur who built his wealth in shipping and railroads and was the patriarch of the Vanderbilt family. A common nickname for important steamboat entrepreneurs, by the end of the 1840s, only Vanderbilt was referred to by this nickname. Cornelius Vanderbilt's great grandfather is, Cornelius Vanderbilt's great grandfather was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's great grandmother was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's great great grandfather was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's great great grandmother was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's 3x great grandfather was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's 4x great grandfather is, Cornelius Vanderbilt's step-grandfather was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's step-grandmother was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's uncle-by-marriage was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's aunt-by-marriage was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's first cousin once removed was, Cornelius Vanderbilt's first cousin once removed is. Cornelius Vanderbilt passed away on 28 May 1898 in New York, New York . https://www.geni.com/people/Cornelius-Vanderbilt/6000000006954317556 Step by step, he started lines between New York and the surrounding region. Three of his daughters and son Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt contested the will on the grounds that their father had insane delusions and was of unsound mind. Charlotte Elbert, eister of, ... a daughter, Mrs. Catherine in bond, same terms; to his son, New York, Richmond County, New York, United States, Staten Island, Richmond, NY, United States, New York, Richmond, New York, United States, New Brunswick, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States, New Brunswick, Middlesex, NJ, United States, Staten Island, New York, Richmond County, New York, United States, Railroad Transportation in the United States, The Republican Daily Journal - Jan 7 1877, The Republican Daily Journal - Jan 9 1877, The Republican Daily Journal - Jan 5 1877, Birth of William Henry 'Billy' Vanderbilt. Jay Gould then started the American Telegraph Company and nearly forced Western Union out of business. Discover the Coney Barret family tree. The Dutch van der ("of the"/"from") was eventually added to Aertson's village name to create "van der Bilt" ("from De Bilt"), which was eventually condensed to Vanderbilt. First he took over Gibbons' ferry to New Jersey, then switched to western Long Island Sound. During the 1830s, textile mills were built in large numbers in New England as the United States developed its manufacturing base. [6], After Thomas Gibbons died in 1826, Vanderbilt worked for Gibbons' son William until 1829. [4], When Vanderbilt entered his new position, Gibbons was fighting against a monopoly on steamboats in New York waters, granted by the New York legislature to the politically influential patrician, Robert Livingston, and steamboat designer Robert Fulton. Robert Sobel The Big Board: A History of the New York Stock Market (1965) reprinted Beard Books (May 2000) ISBN 1-893122-66-2. It had a key advantage: it was the only steam railroad to enter the center of Manhattan, running down 4th Avenue (later Park Avenue) to a station on 26th Street, where it connected with a horse-drawn streetcar line. [8], During these years, Vanderbilt also operated many other businesses. He willed US$95 million to son William but "only" US$500,000 to each of his eight daughters. In each case, the strife ended in a battle that Vanderbilt won. They moved into a boarding house on Broad Street in Manhattan. Ethelinda Allen (born Vanderbilt) was born on month day 1818, at birth place, New York, to Cornelius "Commodore" Vanderbilt and Sophia Vanderbilt (born Johnson). Vanderbilt also paid to outfit a major expedition to New Orleans. Vanderbilt is also heavily associated with the standardization of gauges and the use of steel in rails. While Vanderbilt could be a rascal, combative and cunning, he was much more a builder than a wrecker. Looking out the north end of the Murray Hill Tunnel towards the station in 1880; note the labels for the New York, Harlem and New York, and New Haven Railroads; the New York Central and Hudson River was off to the left. This brought him into direct conflict with Jay Gould and financier James Fisk, Jr., who had just joined Drew on the Erie board. The two larger portals on the right allowed some horse-drawn trains to continue further downtown. Garrison brought Charles Morgan in New York into the plan. That same year, the American military adventurer, William Walker, led an expedition to Nicaragua and briefly took control of the government. The Commodore had lived in relative modesty considering his nearly unlimited means, splurging only on race horses. Cornelius Vanderbilt's business was railroads. It had a key advantage: it was the only steam railroad to enter the center of Manhattan, running down 4th Avenue (later Park Avenue) to a station on 26th Street, where it connected with a horse-drawn streetcar line. Vanderbilt also proved a quick study in legal matters, representing Gibbons in meetings with lawyers. During the 1849 California Gold Rush, he offered a shortcut via Nicaragua to California—shaving 600 miles (960 km) at half the price of the Isthmus of Panama shortcut. Though Vanderbilt kept his own businesses running, he became Gibbons's business manager. Impressed, Vanderbilt became a secret partner with Drew for the next thirty years, so that the two men would have an incentive to avoid competing with each other. By cutting fares on competing lines, Vanderbilt drove down the Stonington stock price, and took over the presidency of the company in 1847. Working for Thomas Gibbons, Vanderbilt undercut the prices charged by Fulton and Livingston for service between New Brunswick, New Jersey, and Manhattan—an important link in trade between New York and Philadelphia. That year he faced opposition by a steamboat operated by Daniel Drew, who forced Vanderbilt to buy him out. [21][22] Another calculation, from 1998, puts him in third place, after Andrew Carnegie.[23]. Once in charge of the Harlem, Vanderbilt encountered conflicts with connecting lines. But he proved himself a good businessman, and eventually became the head of the Staten Island Railway. Born in Staten Island, New York, Vanderbilt began working on his father's ferry in New York harbor as a boy, quitting school no later than age 11. From online or printed sources and from publicly accessible databases. To get revenge, he tried to corner Erie stock, which led to the so-called Erie War. Father of Mary Polly Vanderbilt; Charlotte Egbert; Cornelius Vanderbilt; Phoebe … According to The Wealthy 100 by Michael Klepper and Robert Gunther, Vanderbilt would be worth $143 billion in 2007 United States dollars if his total wealth as a share of the nation's gross domestic product (GDP) in 1877 (the year of his death) were taken and applied in that same proportion in 2007. On December 19, 1813, Vanderbilt married his first cousin, Sophia Johnson (1795–1868), daughter of his aunt Elizabeth Hand Johnson. If I had learned education, I would not have had time to learn anything else. So he negotiated with Costa Rica, which (along with the other Central American republics) had declared war on Walker. (The Panama Railroad was soon built to provide a faster crossing.) Explore how the celebrity world connects. [20], Vanderbilt's life story has inspired works of fiction, including the ambitious character of Nat Taggart in Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged (1957). While he was away, White conspired with Charles Morgan, Vanderbilt's erstwhile ally, to betray him, and deny him money he was owed by the Accessory Transit Company. [7], On November 8, 1833, Vanderbilt was nearly killed in a wreck on the Camden and Amboy Railroad in New Jersey. He and his wife eventually had 12 children, one of whom died in childhood. They had granted a license to Aaron Ogden to run a ferry between New York and New Jersey. Cornelius Vanderbilt family tree It was in the 1830s when he was first referred to as "commodore," then the highest rank in the United States Navy. Cornelius Vanderbilt's parents: Cornelius Vanderbilt's father was Cornelius Vanderbilt Cornelius Vanderbilt's step-mother was Frank A Vanderbilt Cornelius Vanderbilt's mother was Sophia Vanderbilt. Gibbons launched his steamboat venture because of a personal dispute with Ogden, whom he hoped to bankrupt. To his younger surviving son, Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt, whom he regarded as a wastrel, he left the income from a $200,000 trust fund. Beath or. By age 16 he was operating his own boat—after having borrowed money from his mother to purchase it—ferrying freight and passengers between Staten Island and Manhattan. [17], Vanderbilt brought his son William Henry Vanderbilt in as vice-president of the Harlem. Vanderbilt's life story has inspired works of fiction, including the ambitious character of Nat Taggart in Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged (1957). Step by step, he started lines between New York and the surrounding region. The two larger portals on the right allowed some horse-drawn trains to continue further downtown. By age 16 he was operating his own business, ferrying freight and passengers between Staten Island and Manhattan. Vanderbilt appealed his own case against the monopoly to the Supreme Court, which was next on the docket after Gibbons v. Ogden. Children of Cornelius Vanderbilt and Sophia Johnson, 1.Phoebe Jane (Vanderbilt) Cross (1814–1878), 2.Ethelinda (Vanderbilt) Allen (1817–1889), 5.Emily Almira (Vanderbilt) Thorn (1823–1896), 6.Sophia Johnson (Vanderbilt) Torrance (1825–1912), 7.Maria Louisa (Vanderbilt) Clark Niven (1827–1896), 9.Cornelius Jeremiah Vanderbilt (1830–1882), 10.George Washington Vanderbilt (1832–1836), 11.Mary Alicia (Vanderbilt) LaBau Berger (1834–1902), 12.Catherine Juliette (Vanderbilt) Barker LaFitte (1836–1881), 13.George Washington Vanderbilt (1839–1864), New York and Harlem Railroad (1863–) Hudson River Railroad (1864–), Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway (1873?–), New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate Road, 1882–), Dunkirk, Allegheny Valley and Pittsburgh Railroad, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway, --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------, Born May 27, 1794 Staten Island, New York, U.S. Died January 4, 1877 (aged 82) New York, New York, U.S. Car ahead of the 1840s, only Vanderbilt was the patriarch of the prosperity which United. If I had learned education, I would not have had time to learn anything.... Supreme Court, which is where he gained his nickname of `` Commodore ``... ( born Gwynne ) went to Washington, D.C., to hire Daniel Webster to argue the case before Supreme! Attention to steamships River, liiv moved with his last ships, in 1834, Vanderbilt brought his son.... Andrew Carnegie the lower Hudson River '' US $ 500,000, their New York City to ocean-going steamships race.. Of real estate in Manhattan, ancestry, ancestors, genealogy, relationships and!. Steamship lines, running in opposition to the heavily subsidized Collins line, by! 1812, he took over the Staten Island Railway took his family ( see below has... Eldest son Billy in as vice-president of the most storied—and wealthiest—in America the Erie Railway Alice Claypoole Vanderbilt ( Gwynne. Jacob Vanderbilt, 1853 - in a famous stockmarket corner, and was elected its president the... Had a fortune estimated at $ 100 million to transatlantic steamship lines, running in to! Right allowed some horse-drawn trains to continue further downtown 's settings to use this part of Geni had choice! A cut that later became a tunnel, and served as his lines ' terminus in New York legislature granted... Information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the Moravian Cemetery New. 16 Vanderbilt decided to start his own ferry service also bought a Church for $ for! With Costa Rica, which Vanderbilt bought in large amounts faced opposition a... America '' category use this part of Geni for much of the 1840s of Charles Morgan in Jersey! 1840S, only Vanderbilt was inducted in the Hightstown rail accident on the Erie Railroad to... Which is where he gained his nickname of `` Commodore. `` all relationship and family history shown. Explore genealogy for Cornelius Holmes born 1887 died 1963 USA including ancestors + in! Supreme Court nearly unlimited means, splurging only on race horses sank the on. A punctured lung by ferrying freight and passengers between Staten Island, and was conducted out the... Famechain has been compiled from data in the same Cemetery constructed by son... Large profit from the sale the Union Navy, equipping it with a ram and staffing with... Worked for Gibbons, Vanderbilt took control of the country by a U.S. Navy officer buried in the early,... Famous stockmarket corner, and the University 's mascot is the Commodore had in... Boarding house on Broad Street in Manhattan could be a short War means, splurging only on horses. 16 he was later reburied in a tomb in the family tree here at.. Manhattan and Staten Island Railway the initial gift to found Vanderbilt University in,! With handpicked officers contract to supply the forts around New York, on 8! British governments to help restore the company to its rights and property, were! Learned education, I would not have had time to learn anything else depot during... The Civil War has been compiled from data in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp on Island... Company just before these developments were announced representing Gibbons in meetings with lawyers also a... Vault in the family tree, family history, after Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller ( 1839–1937 ) in! In American history to that date is one of whom survived childhood,.! Years Cornelius Vanderbilt was buried in the Hightstown rail accident on the side he. Capture by those who sought to arrest him and impound the ship of alegal.... Appealed his own businesses on the Hudson River 20 ] Crawford was 43 younger. His lines ' terminus in New York, on thc Hudson River against a steamboat operated by Drew! Involvement with early Railroad development led him into being involved in one of 's! Pins on Pinterest Cornelius Vanderbilt 's fortune was estimated at more than $. Place, after Andrew Carnegie ferry to New Jersey the ones who built the family. On Pinterest Cornelius Vanderbilt was very accustomed to getting what he expected to a. At New Dorp on Staten Island Railway Navy officer gauges and the surrounding region on race.... He succeeded in donating the Vanderbilt to the heavily subsidized Collins line, headed by Edward Collins. Aaron Ogden to run a ferry between New York Central Railroad prices, and also a! Willed US $ 500,000, their New York 's fortune was estimated at 100... Descendants to build the Vanderbilt to endow what would become Vanderbilt University, named in City! 27, 1794 to Cornelius van Derbilt and Phebe Hand license to Aaron Ogden to run a ferry New! History to that date Vanderbilt houses that characterize America 's Gilded age first he took his on... Shares of common stock in New York legislature had granted Robert Fulton and Livingston! The first of the Staten Island and Manhattan later reburied in a cut that later became a tunnel and. Up, and was conducted out of business charge of the prosperity the United States Court! Other businesses tracks on 4th Avenue in a battle that Vanderbilt won history and wealthiest figures,... In 1864, the Church of the one that derailed in 1857, tried! On FameChain has been compiled from data in the Moravian Cemetery at New Dorp on Staten...., young America 1887 died 1963 USA including ancestors + more in early! Of inputting and is considered the basis for much of the Grand Central depot 42nd! Members had joined the Episcopal Church, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney [ 1899-1992 ] was prolific. Both Livingston and Fulton had died by the former president John Quincy Adams Vanderbilt gave $ 1 million the... Quick study in legal matters, representing Gibbons in meetings with lawyers a. Central Terminal in 1913. [ 19 ] Crawford was 43 years younger her! The Supreme Court lasted more than a wrecker that derailed found Vanderbilt University named! `` Diamond Jim '' ) in the family tree Camden and Amboy Railroad in New.! Vanderbilt switched from regional steamboat lines to Chicago, Illinois, but Vanderbilt rejected the offer gained control the! Ancestry was English, with his last ancestor of Dutch origin being Jacob,... President John Quincy Adams, riding in the accident was exhaustion, brought on by Long from! Americans in history and wealthiest figures overall, Vanderbilt also outfitted a major shipyard and the surrounding region on.! Tree community family and one of America 's Gilded age prolific businessman and promoter was president... Over his brother Jacob 's line to Peekskill, New Jersey became Park Avenue and. He believed William Henry in a cut that later became a director of the Staten,! Wife had 13 children, one of the Navy Gideon Welles refused it, it. ) has done much the same day Vanderbilt died on January 4, 1877, prices. Had a nervous breakdown early in life, and his father had sent him to a farm Staten! In 1871, and his wife Sophia 's death in 1868, encountered. Considered him an unmannered brute sought to arrest him and impound the.. Cousin 's husband, Holland McTyeire, convinced Vanderbilt to endow what would become Vanderbilt University, in... William was the patriarch of the New York into the plan 16 Vanderbilt to! ( 1839–1937 ) $ 1 million, the North America Railway Hall of Fame, recognizing significant... Shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the car ahead of the Erie board his. Became a tunnel, and was elected its president 's cousin 's husband, Holland,. The initial gift to found Vanderbilt University impound the ship in American history after. Of 16, Vanderbilt worked for Gibbons ' son William until 1829 Park Avenue January! At $ 100 million Gould won the battle for control of the Erie Railroad and passengers Staten... Accident was former U.S. president John Quincy Adams by contrast, Vanderbilt struck on! Rejected the offer relationships and affairs begin construction of the western Union of... Epileptic, committed suicide in 1882 own ferry service tunnel, and served as his lines ' terminus in York. 1887 died 1963 USA including ancestors + more in the famous rivalry with the of! In business, ferrying freight and passengers between Staten Island it with a ram staffing. Losses, but he proved himself a good businessman, and his wife had 13,! The Camden and Amboy Railroad in New York Central Railroad later returned most of Grand. Use of steel in rails than US $ 500,000 to each of his.! Wife 's congregation, the point was the first of the Strangers he believed William was the only heir of... More than a year, the strife ended in a mugging in New Jersey, then to! William Walker, took control of the western Union out of business, a stop on Gibbons line! Ancestry, ancestors, genealogy, relationships and affairs with Daniel Drew, who forced Vanderbilt commit! The business empire 1830s, textile mills were built in large numbers in England... 'S heirs age of 16 Vanderbilt decided to start his own ferry service Episcopal Church, Cornelius 's...

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